Parts of speech

Words are classified into different kinds or classes called parts of speech based on their usage. The parts of speech are eight in number.
They are –
Noun:
A noun is a word used as the name of a person, place, animal or thing. It has to be started with a capital letter.

Eg:
  • Ram is my friend.
  • Bangalore is a well planned city.
  • A dog is a loyal animal.
  • Computer is an electronic device.
  • Ramu came to my house yesterday.
  • Beauty is skin deep.
  • People are buying platinum instead of gold.
  • A pack of dogs chased the boy.

Pronoun: A pronoun is a word used instead of a noun.
Eg:
  1. He invited her.
  2. We went to market last week.
  3. It fell from the sky.
  4. She invited only me.
  5. I don’t mean to hurt him in anyway.

Adjective: An adjective is a word which describes a noun or a pronoun.
Eg:
  1. She is a beautiful girl.
  2. He is the most sincere person that I have ever met.
  3. Yoga is beneficial to us.
  4. No one has come yet.
  5. We saw a very exciting film last night.
  6. She is humbler than I expected.
  7. This is the oldest building in Hyderabad.

Verb: A verb is a word which tells about the action of a noun or a pronoun.
Eg:
  1. I ate chocolates.
  2. Sita commutes to office by bus.
  3. They are anticipating that there would be a strike.
  4. He has ruined his life.
  5. They have been tolerating this since long.
  6. She recommended me for that job.

Adverb: An adverb is a word which tells more about a verb, adjective or another adverb.
Eg:
  • Sachin played well.
  • They spoke very well at the seminar.
  • She comes here mostly on Sundays.
Preposition: A word which tells the position of a noun or a pronoun.
Eg:
  1. The cat is on the table.
  2. She has been waiting for him since morning.
  3. There is a lot of dust behind the curtain.
  4. There is a hospital in front of my house.
  5. Besides the media, there were a lot of people at the venue.
Conjunction: A word which joins two or more words or sentences.
Eg:
  • Ram and Raju are brothers.
  • He isnot only a good dancer, but also a poet.
  • I will not go there unless I am forced.
  • She behaves as though she knows everything.
Interjection: A word which expresses sudden feelings.
Eg:
  1. Oh! He has got hurt.
  2. Ouch! I have hurt my finger.
Published on 9/11/2010 6:03:00 PM

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