Civil Services Prelims: Analysis on Geography and Environment Part of General Studies


CivilsThe UPSC has brought a sea change in the preliminary examination pattern by removing optional papers and introducing Aptitude paper from 2011. In the light of these changes, let us see the changes that have taken place in Geography subject.

Subject that provides the examiner more scope
The syllabus for Geography in prelims is simply mentioned as “Physical, Economic and Social Geography of the World and India”. This syllabus, as simple as it looks, provides the examiner more scope to ask questions from both the branches of Geography i.e. firstly, Physical Geography-which studies various attributes of the physical environment such as climate, plants, animals and landforms. Human Geography, the other part studies the Geography of human groups and their activities.

Geography and Environmental Studies:
The Climatic changes that are taking place all over the globe made the examiner to separate the environmental related topics of Geography as an independent discipline due to its heightened relevance. Today, Environmental Studies is having a lion’s share in the preliminary part of UPSC with nearly 22-25 questions out of 100 questions are from this subject.

Geography and Disaster Management:
The Geo Physical phenomenon comprises of phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunamis, Volcanoes and flash floods. While these disasters are altering human life style on one hand and the Anthropogenic factors are creating greet distress for human on the other.

Increasing relevance of these factors is making Disaster Management an essential ingredient in the UPSC syllabus. Such manifestation of geographical topics into separate disciplines made Geography a very important subject for Civil services.

Let us see the Breakup of questions in the previous year Prelims papers for Geography:

Subject / Year

2011

2012

2013

  1. Physical Geography
  2. Human Geography
  3. Environmental Studies

6

5

21

8

3

23

12

2

22

Total

32

34

36


This table shows the increasing importance of Geography subject, which occupies more than 35 percent of marks in paper-I of the preliminary part.

Internal Break up for Geography
Now let us know the areas covered in the previous question papers for the subjects of Geography and Environment.

Topic / Year

2011

2012

2013

World Geography

Physical Geography

Indian Geography

Agriculture

Demography

3

3

-

5

-

1

3

3

3

1

2

6

4

2

-


2013 Prelims General Studies- Geography and Environment Areas
In 2013 Prelims General Studies paper, questions have appeared on following topics –

Sl. No.

Topic Name

1.

Acid Rain

2

Biosphere Reserves

3

National Parks

4

Endangered Species

5

Fresh Water on Earth

6

Biodiversity

7

Atlas Mountains

8

Equatorial Forest

9

Lateritic Soils

10

Dynamic Changes on Earth

11

Mineral Resource in India

12

Earth's Movement

13

Tribes in India

14

Narmada River Flow

15

Smog

16

Grass Lands

17

Kharif Crop

18

African Savannah

19

Decomposers

20

Food Chain

21

Fishing around the World

22

Pollutants in Drinking Water


2012 Prelims General Studies- Geography and Environment Areas
In 2012 Prelims General Studies paper, questions have appeared on following topics –

Sl. No.

Topic Name

1.

Ocean Currents

2

Rain fed Crops

3

Mixed farming

4

Characteristics of Himalayas

5

Latitudes and Longitudes

6

Origin of Life on Earth

7

Green Manure

8

Monsoon

9

Tropical Savanna Region

10

Contour Bundling

11

Universe

12

Ocean Acidification

13

Protected Areas

14

Endangered Species

15

Global Warming

16

Phytoplankton

17

National Biodiversity Authority

18

National Green Tribunal


2011 Prelims General Studies- Geography and Environment Areas
In 2011 Prelims General Studies paper, questions have appeared on following topics –

Sl. No.

Topic Name

1.

World Desert

2

Atmospheric Layers

3

Brahmaputra River System

4

Cropping Pattern

5

Westerlies

6

Salinization

7

La-nina

8

Micro irrigation

9

Tsunami

10

Tropical Rainforest

11

Ionosphere

12

Red Data Book

13

Coal and Pollution

14

Food Crops

15

Deserts

16

Biosphere Conservation

17

Ecosystem

18

Western Ghats

With Inputs from Expert Faculty in Geography

Published on 7/15/2014 5:11:00 PM
Tags:
UPSC Geography Physical Economic and Social Geography climate plants animals and landforms Human Geography Environmental Studies earthquakes Tsunamis Volcanoes - flash floods Demography Agriculture

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