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.:: 2nd Year Chemistry Study Material ::.

Unit - I
SOLUTIONS
1. Classification of Solutions, Standard Solutions, Concentrations and their Definitions
2. Raoult’s Law, Applications and Numerical
3. Colligative Properties, Applications, Derivations and Numerical
Unit - II
SOLID STATE
1. Classification of Solids with Structures
2. Types of Solids and Crystal Systems
3. Bragg’s Equation and Calculation of Density of Crystal
4. Crystal Defects, Electrical and Magnetic Properties of Crystals
Unit - III
ELECTRO CHEMISTRY
1. Conductance In Electrolytic Solutions
2. Specific, Equivalent and Molar Conductance, Kohlrauch Law
3. Electrolytic and Redox Reactions
4. Faraday’s Laws of Electrolysis and Applications
5. Galvanic and Voltaic Cells, Cell Notation with and with out Salt Bridge, Salt Bridge and its Applications
6. Standard Electrodes and Electrochemical Series, Characteristics and Applications
7. Types of Cells, Primary, Secondary and Fuel Cells, Construction and Working
8. Corrosion Mechanism, Preventions and Control. Lead Accumulator
Unit - IV
1. CHEMICAL KINETICS
1. Concepts of Chemical Kinetics, Rate of Reaction and Factors Affecting the Rate of Reaction
2. Order and Molecularity of Reactions with Examples, Zero and First Order Reaction with Examples
3. Collision Theory and Concepts, Activation Energy and its Importance
Unit - IV
2. EQULIBRIUM
1. Equilibrium Reactions and Law of Mass Action, Factors Affecting the Rate of the Reaction
2. Relationship between Kc and Kp, Le-Chatelier’s Principle, its Application and Numericals
Unit - IV
3. ACIDS AND BASES
1. Lowry-Bronsted and Lewis Theory of Acids and Bases with Examples and Applications
2. Ionisation of Acids and Bases, Ionic Product and Concept of PH
3. Hydrolysis of Salts, Buffer Solutions and Common Ion Effect and its Applications and Uses
Unit - V
SURFACE CHEMISTRY
1. Concepts of Adsorption and Absorption, Langmuir and Freundlich Adsorption Isotherms and Effects of Temperature on Surface Phenomena, Catalysis and Types of Catalysis
2. Colloidal State and Classification of Colloids, Gold Number and Related Phenomena, Emulsions and Classification of Emulsions, Cleaning Action of Soap
3. Properties of Colloids, Effects of Colloids, Properties and Tyndall Effect, Brownian Movement, Coagulation
Unit - VI
THEMODYNAMICS
1. Concepts of Thermodynamics With Definitions, First Law of Thermodynamics, Derivation of Mathematical Equation of First Law and its Applications
2. Heat Capacities, Specific Heats, Exothermic and Endothermic Processes, Enthalpy of Bond Dissociation, Combustion, Neutralization, Formation, Atomization, Sublimation, Phase Transition, Ionization and Dilution
3. Thermo Chemical Equations and Hess’s Law, its Applications
4. Spontaneous Processes and Criteria For Spontaneity, Entropy As A State Function
5. Gibbs Free Energy, Concept, Applications To Spontaneous and Non-Spontaneous Processes
Unit - VII
GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF METALLURGY
1. Principles and Methods of Extraction – Concentration - Reduction by Chemical and Electrolytic Methods and Refining
2. Occurrence and Principles of Copper, Zinc, Iron and Ag
3. Process of Molten Electrolysis of Al, Mg and Na
Unit - VIII 1. p-Block Elements : VA GROUP Elements
2. GROUP 16 Elements : VI A GROUP Elements
3. GROUP 17 Elements : VIIA GROUP Elements
Unit - IX.
1. TRANSITION ELEMENTS
1. Transition Elements
2. Solved Problems
Unit - IX
2. LANTHANIDES
1. Lanthanides
2. Co-ordination Compounds
Unit - X
P0LYMERS
1. Classification of Polymers, Types of Polymerization Techniques, Rubber – Natural and Synthetic
2. Types of Molecular Weights, Biodegradable Polymers, Commodity and Engineering Polymers
Unit - XI
BIOMOLECULES
1. Carbohydrates
2. Amino Acids
3. Peptides - Proteins - Structure
4. Nucleic Acids-Chemical Composition and Structure of DNA and RNA Transcription and Translation
5. Lipds
6. Harmones
7. Enzymes
8. Vitamins
Unit - XII CHEMISTRY IN EVERYDAY LIFE
Unit - XIII
ORGANIC CHEMISTRY
1. Halogen Compounds
2. Hydroxy Compounds, Alcohols and Phenols
3. Ethers
4. Carboxylic Acids
5. Amines – Classification and Separation
6. Carbonyl Compounds, Acetaldehyde and Acetone
7. Diazonium Salts – Preparation, Synthetic Applications and Uses
8. Chlorobenzene
9. Nitrobenzene
10. Phenol
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